SCIN 139 FINAL EXAM ALL POSSIBLE QUESTIONS

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SCIN 139 FINAL EXAM ALL POSSIBLE QUESTIONS

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SCIN 139 Final Exam All Possible Questions

SCIN139

SCIN 139 Final Exam

Part 1 of 2 – Final:

Multiple Choice

Question 1 of 31

The world’s population growth has always been evenly distributed.

  1. True
  2. False

Question 2 of 31

The growth of the Earth’s overall population is distributed evenly.

  1. True
  2. False

Question 3 of 31

In Table 7-1, which of the following diseases was the leading cause of death through the 1900s and today?

  1. Tuberculosis
  2. Diabetes
  3. Heart Disease
  4. Cancer

Question 4 of 31

Anasazi Pueblos of the Southwest U.S. (i.e. Arizona, New Mexico) which flourished from 700-1200 A.D., began to fall primarily due to:

  1. drought
  2. insect pests
  3. disease
  4. war

Question 5 of 31

Countries like Nigeria, Ethiopia and Pakistan continue on a rapid growth trajectory with both high fertility and young populations. In 1998, each was predicted to add 50% to its population within 20 years. This is an example of:

  1. fecundity
  2. population momentum
  3. replacement level
  4. family planning

Question 6 of 31

Poultry, cow, and pig provide _____% of our animal protein.

  1. 10
  2. 25
  3. 50
  4. 80

Question 7 of 31

Three quarters of all 19th century deaths are estimated to have been caused by infectious “crowd diseases.”

  1. True
  2. False

Question 8 of 31

IMR:

  1. is measured in deaths of infants under one year per thousand live births
  2. varies among nations, social classes and ethnic groups
  3. is directly linked to diet, disease, living space, climate, and female workload
  4. all of the above

Question 9 of 31

Between 1790 and 1970, rural-to-urban migration or “urbanization” was changing social and cultural structures of societies. In the United States for example, the percentage of the people living in urban areas jumped from _____% to _____%.

  1. 10% to 61%
  2. 10% to 89%
  3. 10% to 78%
  4. 10% to 53%

Question 10 of 31

Which of the following crops was a major subsistence base for the Andes Mountains as early as 4550 B.C. (according to table 3-2)?

  1. Rice
  2. Maize
  3. Wheat
  4. Potato

Question 11 of 31

According to Figure 7-4, which Sub-Saharan African country has the most drastic disparity between life expectancy of those with – and those without – the AIDS virus?

  1. Congo
  2. Zimbabwe
  3. Nigeria
  4. Uganda

Question 12 of 31

According to table 3-2 in the textbook, which of the following crops was a major subsistence base for South central Mexico as early as 4500 B.C.?

  1. Rice
  2. Potato
  3. Maize
  4. Wheat

Question 13 of 31

Although the Industrial Revolution technically spans more than one century, which time period saw the majority of technological advancements generally considered to be representative of the era?

  1. the 1700s
  2. the 1800s
  3. the 1900s
  4. the 1600s

Question 14 of 31

Vegetable proteins are classified as Grade I and are the best source for the eight essential amino acids.

  1. True
  2. False

Question 15 of 31

In which stage of epidemiological transition in Europe and the U.S. are chronic and degenerative diseases the leading cause of death?

  1. Stage I
  2. Stage II
  3. Stage III
  4. Stage IV

Question 16 of 31

Children are less affected than adults by changes in living conditions since their growing bodies are less sensitive to mild fluctuations of the environment.

  1. True
  2. False

Question 17 of 31

According to table 5-1, which country in 1998 had the second lowest population doubling time (DT) of 25?

  1. Nigeria
  2. Pakistan
  3. Ethiopia
  4. Phillippines

Question 18 of 31

Fatty acids:

  1. store energy in the liver and muscle tissue where it can be quickly converted to glucose
  2. store energy and absorb and transport nutrients; are 10-25% of our body weight
  3. transport cells, nutrients and waste; are about 60% of our body weight
  4. enable vital functions of metabolism and bone structure and transport essential substances

Question 19 of 31

Regarding population growth curves (like the one on page 38), K means:

  1. exponential growth.
  2. migration.
  3. sigmoid form.
  4. carrying capacity.

Question 20 of 31

Carbohydrates:

  1. store energy in the liver and muscle tissue where it can be quickly converted to glucose
  2. store energy and absorbs and transports nutrients; is 10-25% of our body weight
  3. transports cells, nutrients and waste; is about 60% of our body weight
  4. enable vital functions of metabolism and bone structure and transport essential substances

Question 21 of 31

The Inuit (Eskimo) gain most of their food by hunting marine and terrestrial mammals. This is an example of:

  1. genetics.
  2. a human ecological niche.
  3. J-curve.
  4. surplus.

Question 22 of 31

The NCHS standards, used to compare children’s health statistics in populations from all over the world, mostly consider the diversity of all the following indicators, EXCEPT:

  1. ethnic
  2. environmental
  3. economic
  4. genetic

Question 23 of 31

The book “The Hot Zone” discusses the rapid transmission of which of the following:

  1. AIDS
  2. Malaria
  3. Smallpox
  4. Ebola

Question 24 of 31

Historically, improvements in agricultural technology can sustain greater numbers of people.

  1. True
  2. False

Question 25 of 31

The following are examples of biological adaptation:

  1. acclimatization.
  2. behavioral.
  3. genetic.
  4. both A and C.

Question 26 of 31

‘Improvements to water supply and removal of garbage were of primary importance to the public’s health’ describes:

  1. Urbanization
  2. Chadwick Report
  3. Mathusian Trap
  4. none of the above

Part 2 of 2

Question 27 of 31

The leading cause of death of all the infectious diseases, killing 2 million people a year and putting about 40% of the world’s population at risk, is

Question 28 of 31

Study Figure 4-4 of the textbook. In five words or less, why did smallpox deaths rebound in the early 1870s?

Question 29 of 31

An epidemiologist would be interested in the Frequency, patterns of a disease or its distribution within a population.

Question 30 of 31

The concept of a population exceeding its food supply (or “carrying capacity”), as demonstrated in Europe’s preindustrial period, is known as the

Question 31 of 31

THIS IS A 10 POINT ESSAY: Answer BOTH parts of the question.

PART 1: Describe the Aral Sea environmental catastrophe. Analyze the situation using “S.P.E.E.C.H.” perspectives.

PART 2: In chapter 8, we learned about sustainable development. If you were a manager hired to solve the issues you’ve analyzed above, what specific recommendations would you make in terms of sustainable development and surviving environmental change?